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Unusual natural phenomena of the Czech Republic: deserts (pouště)
To great surprise of many, even in Central European country as the Czech Republic you would find small sand surfaces. The most famous hill of sand is in Southern Bohemia, Vlkov, where the sand between pines and other thermophilic plants creates small dunes. The biggest 7 ha “desert” is near Rokytno, 10 km from Hradec Králové. The most preserved sands are located near Nymburk. The dunes there are, however, damaged by tourists who decrease the area of the desert. ”Moravian Sahara” near Bzenec has around 16 km2 and was in past used as training ground for soldiers.
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Ked ju milujes nie je co riesit. #kofola #slovensko #slovakia #czechoslovakia #photography #mysummer #madeinczechoslovakia
Środa treasure (skarb ze Środy Śląskiej, skarb średzki).
In May 1988, a hoard of silver and gold coins (mostly Prague groschen) was unearthed at a demolition site within the medieval town centre of Środa Śląska, Poland. Several more days later, gold ornaments were found at the municipal landfill among the rubble from other sites in the Old Town. The news spread quickly, attracting amateur treasure hunters and professional archaeologists. Through the end of 1988, the subsequent archaeological excavations continued along with efforts to recover gold and silver objects from the accidental finders. Although many items were recovered, it is agreed that there are still missing items.
Considering the date the treasure was probably hidden and its location, as well as the character and style of the jewels, it seems likely that they belonged to the Bohemian rulers of the House of Luxemburg and were pawned to the Jewish bankers of Środa Śląska under the reign of the Emperor Charles IV (1346-1378).
The Treasure of Środa Śląska was entrusted to the National Museum in Wrocław and shown there for the first time in 1997. It was later transferred to the Środa Śląska Regional Museum and is now a part of its permanent exposition.
Informations about retrieval of items belonging to the Środa treasure are appearing in the media every few years.
#neratovice #autumn #fall #podzim #sky #city #czech (v místě Neratovice)
Václav Vavřinec Reiner, known also under name Wenzel Lorenz Reiner (1686 -1743) was one of the most prominent Czech Baroque painters who lived and died in Prague, Bohemia. Besides landscapes and paintings depicting battles he also did extraordinary frescos - the most famous Gigantomachie over the staircase in Černínský Palace and Last Judgement in the Church of Francis of Assisi in Prague.
Dvořák - Slavonic Dance No. 11 In F Major, Op. 72/3 - Allegro
Performed by the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra with Rafael Kubelík conducting
I always felt pretty bad when people asked me for my personal and I had nothing to offer so here but remember - enter only at your own risk :)
Přemysl Ottokar I and the Golden Bull of Sicily. Second: his descendant Ottokar II and the last Přemyslid rulers - Václav II and Václav III
Přemyslid Ottokar I of Bohemia (1192–1193 and 1197–1230) was successfully manoeuvring in unstable Reich politics and restored hereditary king’s title that was lost during reign of his brothers. As his greatest success is considered the gain of the Golden Bull of Sicily.
In the Golden Bull of Sicly Emperor Frederick II also gave Bohemia and Moravia an exceptional position in Holy Roman Empire, being an autonomous and udivisible constituent of the Reich. The King was no longer subject to appointment by the Emperor and Czech ruler only needed to be approved by the people of their country.
During the reign of Václav I (1230–1253) Czech kingdom was one of the prominent influential states in Europe. After fending off the Mongol invasion Václav gained Austrian lands. After withstanding rebellion of Czech nobles led by his own son Ottokar II, he imprisoned his offspring, but later had to freed him to marry in order to secure dynastic rights to Austria once again.
During the 13th century happened intensive colonisation by inhabitants of predominately German origin which resulted in establishing many new towns and villages.
Czech silver coins. Přemysl Ottokar II was nicknamed as ”The Iron and Golden King”, iron because of his famous heavily armed knights, golden because of the richness of his kingdom, which came mainly from silver mines.
Přemysl Ottokar II (1253 – 1278) was one of the most famous Central European rulers. But when Ottokar II gained domain extending from Austria to Adriatic sea there started to be serious concerns over his power. For this reason the Emperor was elected unimportant count Rudolf I of Habsburg/Germany. In subsequent wars Ottokar not only lost nearly all his lands to Rudolf but also died during the Battle on the Marchfeld.
Václav II (1278/83–1305) managed to get both Polish (after extinction of Piasts) and Hunarian crowns (ditto of Arpads) but both of them were declared null by the Pope. His son Václav III (1305 - 1306) was killed just before his attempt to invade Poland, resulting in Přemyslids dying out in the male line.
During 4 restless years of disputes ended up on the Czech throne John of Luxembourg by marrying Eliška of Přemyslids, Václav’s sister.
John of Luxembourg (1310–1346) was a famous warrior and politician of European format who despite lack of governance in his own country (“The Stranger King”) managed to increase the size and power of the kingdom, including the acquisition of Cheb and Upper Lusatia. Czech aristocracy didn’t hold much respect for him and his wife Eliška was possibly planning overthrown to put Přemyslids back on the throne. Their son Václav was sent to be raised in France to lose his mother’s attitude. He adopted here the name Charles.
Chalres IV (the first Charles on Czech throne but the fourth Roman Emperor) was extremely well-educated and fluent in five languages. His reign is considered as Czech “Golden Age." Between his many accomplishments belongs the founding of the Charles University (first of its kind in Central Europe), the establishment of Prague’s New Town, the Charles Bridge, or the castle Karlštejn guarding the Czech coronation jewels.
Charles IV (1346–1378) was the first Czech king, who also became Holy Roman Emperor. After the coronation as the king of Burgundy he became the personal ruler of all the kingdoms under the Holy Roman Empire.
He was also the author of the important imperial decrees Golden Bull, which fixed, for a period of more than four hundred years, important aspects of the constitutional structure of the Empire. Charles IV in it also significantly regulated the relationship of the Czech state to the Empire, creating Lands of the Czech crown (area under the rule of Bohemian kings, known sometimes only as Czech crown), which remained beyond the Reich’s suzerainty.
During his reign the Czech lands reached significant prosperity. In the time of Chalres IV, Prague was elevated to the seat of the Empire and became one of the largest cities in Europe. Charles also gained Brandenburg, Upper Palatinate, Lusatia and few other Silesian principalities. Thanks to his popularity, Charles was after his death declared "The Father of the Country".
Next: The Hussite Wars